Sunday, 24 February 2019

Limited edition tournament books by Spence, McLellan and Stoney

Jack Spence, a lawyer from Omaha, Nebraska, USA, launched his series of limited editions in 1949, when in his early 20's, with a book on the 50th United States Open Championship which was held in his home town, and produced a total of 60 limited editions during the next 15 years.  

These were mainly records of contemporary American tournaments but he also revisited major tournaments from the past, and his Foreign Tournament Series included several important events from the 1920's and 1930's such as Carlsbad 1923, Bad Kissingen 1928, San Remo 1930, etc. One of his aims was to present these tournament games for the first time in the English language.

The books were generally mimeographed, printed on rectos only, and bound in card covers with a plastic ring binding. The Supplements were simply stapled sheets without covers. Each copy was numbered. However, adverts for the Omaha 1949 book, which I have not seen, emphasise that it was press-printed and includes many photos.

These publications typically included a Preface and/or an Introduction giving details of the event covered and, occasionally, the source of the material, followed by cross-tables, brief but succinct round by round summaries, the games in descriptive notation (some books have light notes and comments, others do not), indices of games and openings, and usually a page of adverts for these limited editions.

Carlsbad 1923 also included a list of subscribers with 36 names:

In the Preface to Bad Nauheim 1935, Spence states that the source of his material was the acquisition of a number of unpublished chess tournament manuscripts from a Chicago collector, and in the Preface to New York 1933 this collector was revealed to be Paul Little, noted chess bibliophile of Chicago. 

One of the smallest print runs was for his booklet on the United States Junior Chess Championship, Lincoln, 1955, with an issue of 75 copies, and I have already discussed this publication, along with United States Chess Championship, New York, 1957-1958, in a previous article on 6th February 2017, as these both featured Bobby Fischer.

After ending his series of limited editions in 1963, Jack Spence continued editing tournament booklets for Tony Gillam's The Chess Player series. One of these was a re-typed edition of his own book on the Wertheim Memorial Chess Congress held in New York in 1951, as most copies had been poorly printed with only a few being completely legible. (See Betts 25-206). Spence died in 1978 aged 52.

Sample poorly printed page


Richard McLellan from Omaha, Nebraska, produced five limited editions from 1958 into the 1960's in a style very similar to Spence's productions, down to the same pink card covers and plastic ring binding. However, his books were simply a record of the game moves with absolutely no narrative or comments, not even forenames for the competitors.

McLellan, who had earlier assisted Jack Spence by translating German texts for some of his works, published his first limited edition in 1958, covering the tournaments at Semmering-Baden, 1937 and Amsterdam (AVRO), 1938. Semmering-Baden, 1937 had previously been the subject of Reinfeld's limited edition no. 7, published in 1938. Both of these tournaments were won by Paul Keres ahead of Reuben Fine, and they had four world champions behind them at Amsterdam.

All of his books covered European events from the 1930's and 1940's, including the match between Paul Keres and Max Euwe in 1939-1940 which had the smallest of his print runs with 120 copies.


G. R. Stoney was a railroad timekeeper from, yes, you guessed it, Omaha, Nebraska, and he published his only limited edition in 1953 with a selection of games from the International Chess Tournament, Carslbad 1911.   Only 100 copies were printed, mimeographed onto the rectos only and bound in pink card covers. 

Stoney wrote an interesting two page Preface with details of the production of his "unassuming little volume", explaining that the games were compiled from various books, magazines and newspapers over a period of several years. He had particularly drawn from the Year-Book of Chess, 1912, by E. A. Michell. He recognised the difficulties encountered by Reinfeld, Cordingley and Spence in producing their own limited editions, and left open the possibility of producing further volumes.

The two page Introduction gives an overview of this very strong 25 round tournament, won by Teichmann ahead of Rubinstein and Schlechter with Marshall, Niemzowitsch, Alekhine, Spielmann etc. behind.  There is also a list of the twelve brilliancy prize games. Most games have occasional notes and comments by Stoney. Game 31 is Marshall's 13 move miniature against Dus-Chotimirski. 

More Limited Editions next time.

                                   © Michael Clapham 2019

Wednesday, 13 February 2019

Limited edition tournament books

Limited editions of tournament and match books have been a feature of English language chess books since 1891 when The Book of the Sixth American Chess Congress, 1889, by W. Steinitz, was published in an edition of 500. This was followed by The Games in the St. Petersburg Tournament, 1895-96, by James Mason and W. H. K. Pollock, Leeds 1896 (500 copies); The Book of the London International Chess Congress, 1899, by F. W. Lord and W. Ward-Higgs, London 1900 (500 copies); and The World's Championship Chess Match played at Havana between Jose Raul Capablanca and Dr. Emanuel Lasker, by Hartwig Cassel, New York 1921 (600 copies).

Then, from the 1930's, a number of authors published series of limited editions, in much smaller numbers, frequently on past tournaments which had not previously been accorded a tournament book.

E. G. R. Cordingley led the way with 18 limited editions published between 1933 and 1953. His first, on Hastings 1932-33 was limited to just 30 copies, followed by Frankfurt 1930 in an edition of 40.                                             

Fred Reinfeld followed soon after, publishing ten limited editions between 1935 and 1939, with five tournament books, one match book, and four games collections. Reinfeld did not state the number of copies printed for any of these, but The British Chess Magazine reported on page 314 of the July 1935 issue that his second book in the series would be limited to 150 copies. 

Cordingley no. 8 and Reinfeld no. 3 on Margate 1935 are the same book, but Cordingley no. 13 and Reinfeld no. 4 on Hastings 1936-37 are different works.

The king of the limited edition tournament book has to be Jack Spence, with 60 books issued from 1949 to 1963. These were divided between his American Tournament Series (38 books), American Tournament Series Supplements (10), Foreign Tournament Series (10) and Foreign Tournament Series Supplements (2).

The first Spence Limited Edition, on Omaha, 1949, had the largest print run of all of his books at 250, others varied between 75 and 200. 

Details of further limited editions published up to 1968 follow:

Larry Evans published two limited editions in 1948 and 1950 with runs of 275 and 500 respectively.

G. R. Stoney commenced a series of limited editions with  a book on Carlsbad 1911, published in 1953, however, there were no further books in this series.

Ken Whyld completed Cordingley's final limited edition in 1953, on the Budapest 1921 tournament, and then issued  six of his own between 1953 to 1962, with print runs of 125 to 200.

J. E. Jones published one limited edition book on Amsterdam 1956 in the same year, printing just 60 copies.

Dale Brandreth issued three limited edition tournament books from 1957 to 1960, and, although not part of his limited edition series, his collection of games between Lasker and Pillsbury was limited to 700 copies.

Richard McClellan published five limited editions from 1958 to early 1960's, mainly on events from the 1930's, with print runs of between 120 and 175. 

The book on the Munich Olympiad of 1958, featuring games of the South African team, by K. Dreyer, K. Farquhar and W. Heidenfeld was limited to 400 copies.

In 1962 Frank Skoff and Tom McCloud produced a limited edition of 150 on Chicago, 1959.

Finally, D. B. Pritchard's book on Havering, 1967 was limited to 150 copies. 

I will have a closer look at some of these limited editions next time.

There are no doubt other examples and I note that Di Felice's Chess Competitions 1824 - 1970 includes an English language pamphlet, published circa 1960, on Sverdlovsk 1942 with a limited edition of only 16 numbered copies, at 2129.1.

Limited editions continued to be published into the 1970's with books by Dale Brandreth, Tony Gillam, and probably others. 

                                          © Michael Clapham 2019

Saturday, 9 February 2019

Analyse du Jeu des Échecs, par C. Sanson

New chess manuals based on Philidor's Analyze were still being published in the 1860's, 120 years after the publication of Philidor's original work L'Analyze des Echecs in 1749. One of the last "new" Philidorian texts published in the 19th century was Analyse du Jeu des Échecs, par A. D. Philidor, Nouvelle Édition, corrigée, enrichie de variantes et illustrée de nombreux diagrammes, suivie d'un supplément d'études sur les fins de parties; by C. Sanson, Paris 1868.

This first edition of Casimir Sanson's book is based on the 1777 edition of Philidor's Analyse du Jeu des Échecs and includes an extensive supplement on endgame studies. However, it is the 1872 edition of Sanson's book that I am focusing on here:

Analyse du Jeu des Échecs par A. D. Philidor; édition augmentée de soixante-huit parties jouées par Philidor: du Traité de Greco; des débuts de Stamma et de Ruy-Lopez, par C. Sanson, Paris 1872.  

This edition, enlarged from 396 pages to 504 pages, includes 106 pages of Philidor's openings analysis, followed by the Études de Fins de Parties from the earlier edition, plus 68 of Philidor's games from the 1780's and 1790's. These are probably the 68 games recorded by George Atwood, many of which were subsequently published by George Walker in A Selection of Games at Chess, actually played by Philidor and his Contemporaries, London 1835. It is indeed unfortunate that no earlier games by Philidor survive.

The book also includes a Traité de Jeu des Échecs par Gioachino Greco with a six page Préface by Sanson and 127 pages of Greco's "games", openings analysis and a few endings. This is followed by a Traité de Stamma with 15 pages of Stamma's opening analysis and finally an 11 page Traité de Ruy-Lopez.

However, not only does this book present, in one handy volume, the openings analyses of four of the most important players and writers in the history of chess, but this tome also includes three interesting bibliographies. Firstly, a Bibliographie Chronologique des éditions publiées de L'Analyse de Philidor is given on pages 300 to 306 listing 65 works from 1749 to 1870.

This is followed by a Catalogue de la Bibliothèque de C. Sanson on pages 307 to 332, detailing 270 items, and finally, pages 470 to 472 contain a Bibliographie des éditions publiées de Greco Calabrois.

The bibliography of Philidor is incomplete, and has a number of errors, oddities and curiosities. I can make a few comments on the English books as follows:

Sanson states that the first English edition of Philidor's book, Chess Analysed, London 1750, is in two volumes, but this is just a single volume.

There is no mention of Chess Made Easy, published in several editions from 1797 to 1820, all of which included examples from Philidor, or The Elements of Chess, Boston 1805, or Pohlman's book, Chess Rendered Familiar, London 1819. Furthermore, several editions of some of the books listed are omitted, such as the 1773 and 1787 editions of Chess Analysed.

Sanson records an 1802 edition of Studies of Chess by Peter Pratt, who he persistently refers to as Peters Pratt. However, the first known edition of this book was published in 1803, which Sanson also records.  

Item 38 in the Bibliographie is: 1815 - Chess Analysed with Caissa, by Sir W. Jones, and corrections and additions, by the editor. 2 vol. in-8. London. Another unknown work, this is possibly the 1814 edition of Studies of Chess.
Curiosly Sanson dates the first edition of his own book at 1869 instead of 1868, probably just a slip.

Catalogue de La Bibliothèque de C. Sanson

Sanson had an impressive library, with a number of scarce books from the 17th and 18th centuries including Salvio 1604, Selenus 1617, Greco 1689, Severino 1690, Bertin 1735, Stamma 1737, Philidor 1749, Ercole del Rio 1750, Lolli 1763, Ponziani 1782 and others.  But his library was particularly strong on, what were to him, modern books of the early and middle 19th century, with around 250 books from this period.

His Catalogue is a little disorganised and has several errors in names, titles etc. For example, he names the author of Chess Strategy, 1865, as Brown (Robert) of Bridport, and Emmett J. F. and Devian Fenton as authors of One Hundred Chess Games, 1865. The English edition of Max Lange's book Paul Morphy: A Sketch from the Chess World, is listed under Falkbeer but the German edition is listed under Lange. The Accomplished Chess-Player, by Roy Reuben, 1834, is listed under Franklin R. etc.

Sanson added the following note at the end of his Catalogue:

Nota. - Dans notre Traité Théorique et Pratique, nous donnerons un Catalogue des ouvrages publiées sur le jeu des Echecs, qui ne se trouvant pas dans notre bibliothèque.

This is Sanson's revision of Traité Théorique et Pratique du jeu des Échecs, first published in Paris in 1775, and he lists his work in his Catalogue as published in two volumes (Tome I: Théorie, Tome II: Pratique) in 1872 by Garnier Frères in Paris.  However I cannot find this in any bibliographical record, although a fourth edition of this work was published in Paris in 1873 by Delarue with no mention of two volumes or C. Sanson. See LN 541 and Kieler Schachkatalog 3341. Either way, I haven't seen a copy so I do not know if this includes the list of chess publications not in Sanson's own library.

Furthermore, this list is not mentioned in Aucta, although Sanson's three other bibliographical efforts are listed at 1038, 1039 and 1040. 

Casimir Sanson died in 1873 aged just 35, according to Gaige's Chess Personalia, but his edition of Analyse du Jeu des Échecs was reprinted many times over the next 60 years. I have a copy on poor paper with an imprint dated 1922 and Owen Hindle has a copy dated 1931 with attractive pictorial wrappers.

Biblographie; Des éditions publiées de Greco Calabrois
The bibliography of Greco lists 43 items from 1615 (which is almost certainly incorrect)  to 1857, including a couple of manuscript items. This compares with extensive details of twenty manuscripts and 47 books in Joseph Leon's The Bibliography of Greco in The Games of Greco by Professor Hoffmann, London 1900. Leon's list includes eight post 1857 works, indicating that Sanson's list of Greco books was fairly complete, however, Leon dismisses Sanson's list thus: "The bibliography is full of mistakes"

Sanson's bibliography of Greco

Extract from Leon's bibliography of Greco

Other notable items in Sanson's Analyse du Jeu des Échecs include a letter from Philidor's grandson Eug. Danican Philidor dated August 1870, the Liste des Souscrivans from Philidor's first edition of 1749, and the Préfaces from both the 1749 edition and the second edition of 1777.

Incidentally, two uncharacteristic slips in The Oxford Companion to Chess regarding Philidor: The 1984 first edition of the Companion gives the title of Philidor's first book as L'analyse du jeu des Échecs instead of L'analyze des Echecs; this was corrected in the New Edtion of 1992. The New Edition (page 304) gives 1795 as the date of the third English edition of Philidor's book, this should be 1790.

Many thanks to Jurgen Stigter and Owen Hindle for images of the 1868 and 1931 editions respectively.

Some of the books consulted for this article:

                                     © Michael Clapham 2019

Thursday, 13 December 2018

The Huddersfield College Magazine

The Huddersfield College Magazine started life as a general school magazine with two pages on chess.  But, such was the extent of its chess coverage in the later volumes, and its importance in leading to the foundation of The British Chess Magazine that The HCM is included in major chess bibliographies such as Chess: An Annotated Bibliography by Douglas Betts and Di Felice's Chess Periodicals.

Betts 7-15 records that The Huddersfield College Magazine was published in eight volumes from 1872 to 1880 in Huddersfield, with W. J. C. Miller as editor from October 1872 to June 1876 followed by John Watkinson up to 1880, and that the chess section was superseded by The British Chess Magazine.  

However, for the full story of this magazine see Tim Harding's deeply researched book British Chess Literature to 1914 which has extensive coverage on pages 73 to 76, with further details of how it evolved into The British Chess Magazine on pages 164/165. 

Harding notes that this scarce periodical is not available in any of the United Kingdom's copyright libraries but that complete sets are available in the Royal Dutch Library, Cleveland Public Library and the M. V. Anderson Chess Collection in the State Library of Victoria in Melbourne. (The Moravian Chess Publishing House of Olomouc, Czech Republic, has reprinted the chess pages from The HCM in a series of three books)     

Although the magazine was originally aimed at pupils and old boys of the college, the ever growing chess content attracted many subscribers who had no connection with the school. Harding also hints that the transformation into The British Chess Magazine was partly to rival The Chess Monthly, edited by the foreigners Leopold Hoffer and Johannes Zukertort, with the new name waving the British flag.  

The Huddersfield College Magazine flourished during a busy period for English chess magazines;  The Chess Player's Chronicle, The Westminster Papers, The Amateur Chess Magazine, The City of London Chess Magazine and The Chess Monthly were all published in England during part or most of The HCM's eight year life. Some American chess magazines were also available in England at the time.  There was, however, a short period from April 1876, following the demise of both The Chess Player's Chronicle and The City of London Chess Magazine, until the former re-launched in January 1877, when there was no British periodical devoted entirely to chess. (The Westminster Papers included whist and other recreations).

The first issues of the magazine had just two pages devoted to chess with a game and a problem. This quickly grew in stages and by 1879 chess occupied more than half of the magazine; the 32 page magazine for July 1879 for example, included 19 pages of chess with coverage of problem tourneys, local, national and international chess news, and the third part of an eighteen page review by Thomas Long of The Theory of the Chess Openings by G. H. D. Gossip.

The magazine's editor excelled in providing obituaries and memoirs of prominent chess personalities;  St. Amant, who died in October 1872, was remembered on pages 74 to 76 of the January 1873 issue, and in August 1874 a long and balanced obituary of Howard Staunton appeared on pages 232 to 234. 

From the many obituary notices on Staunton, this essay was singled out for praise by W. N. Potter, on page 164 of The City of London Chess Magazine for August 1874, as being "most in accordance with the facts of the case" 

The City of London Chess Magazine, August 1874, page 164

I. O. Howard Taylor contributed a long memoir on John Cochrane on pages 211 to 214 of the May 1878 issue, (this was subsequently included in Taylor's book Chess Skirmishes, published in 1889), and a three page sketch of the life of George Walker appeared in the magazine for June 1879, this was signed simply "D", and focuses on Walker's popularisation of chess literature.

One item of particular interest to chess bibliophiles is the notice, on page 154 of the May 1874 magazine, of the forthcoming auction in London, by Sotheby and Co. of "rare and valuable works, principally on chess, forming the extensive collection of an American amateur", i.e. C. W. Whitman. 

This auction of 473 lots was held on the day after the same auctioneers had sold off George Walker's library in 314 lots. Oh to have been in London on 14th and 15th May 1874! The catalogues for these two auctions are listed in Bibliotheca Van der Linde-Niemeijeriana aucta et de novo descripta; nos. 170 and 1246. 

                                           © Michael Clapham 2018

Saturday, 1 December 2018

The Royal Game, by Stefan Zweig, a follow up.

It seems that my brief mention of Stefan Zweig's chess story The Royal Game barely scratched the bibliographical surface of the publication details of his final novella.

Manfred Mittelbach of Cape of Good Hope, has provided much further information including an extraordinarily detailed account of the writing and publication of Zweig's story compiled by Elke Rehder of Barsbüttel, Germany. This reveals that Zweig's original typescript was handed to his friend and publisher Abraham Koogan in Rio de Janeiro only two or three days before his death, with  three further copies being posted to associates in New York and Buenos Aires.

Rehder states that the very first publication of the story was in Brazilian Portuguese by Editora Guanabara in Rio de Janeiro in September 1942, with the title A Partida de Xadrez and was included in the omnibus volume As Três Paixões (Three Passions).  

Andreas Saremba has also informed me of this Portuguese translation, stating that this was revealed by Siegfried Schönle in the brochure 65 Jahre Schachnovelle, published by Susanna Poldauf and Andreas Saremba in 2007 for the Emanuel Lasker Gesellschaft.

The first German language publication, with the title Schachnovelle, was issued on 7th December 1942 in Buenos Aires, followed by the first European edition of Schachnovelle published by Gottfried Bermann Fischer in an edition of 5,000 copies at Stockholm in 1943.

One copy of the typescript was sent to Zweig's friend and editor Benjamin W. Huebsch of Viking Press in New York. Huebsch translated the German text into English and published the novel with the title The Royal Game in April 1944. However, the English text had already appeared a month earlier in the March 1944 edition of Woman's Home Companion, enhanced with some fine illustrations.

This American monthly was published by Crowell-Collier Publishing Company of New York and Springfield, Ohio.

A special edition for the American Armed Forces was also published in 1944 by Editions for the Armed Services  together with Zweig's other short novels Amok and Letter from an Unknown Woman.

Many thanks to Manfred Mittelbach for the above illustrations.

Wednesday, 21 November 2018

Philidor v Morphy; the results are in!

The solutions to 64 shakhmatno-shashechnaya gazeta's New Year's Quiz were published in the paper for 30th March 1939.

The inconsistencies in the illustration of Philidor in play against Morphy were as follows:

1. The chessboard is shown with 10 x 10 squares.

2. The chessboard is the wrong way round.

3. Philidor, who died in 1795 and Morphy, who was born in 1837 obviously never met.

4. Chess clocks of the type shown had not been invented during either of their lifetimes.

5. The portrait on the wall is of V. A. Chekhover, born in 1908 long after the Philidor and Morphy eras.  


Finally, a cartoon from 64 shakhmatno-shashechnaya gazeta for 31st December 1939:

Grandpa, you have lost on time!...

Friday, 16 November 2018

If only...

Vintage Russian chess literature is full of wonderful photographs, drawings and cartoons, rarely seen in the West. 

Larger version below

This drawing was included on the back page of 64 шахматно шашечная газета for 30th December 1938. This is 64 shakhmatno-Shashechnaya gazeta, or 64 chess checkers gazette.

The picture of Philidor playing Morphy was part of the New Year's Quiz featuring six questions. The heading to this picture asks "How observant are you", and the caption states "In this picture an artist has drawn two famous chess players. Not being particularly knowledgeable in chess, he made major inconsistencies. Take a closer look at the picture and list these inconsistencies"  

Questions 3 and 6 were draughts related. I have the 1939 volume but have not yet tracked down the solutions.

This newspaper size periodical is number 12 in Di Felice's Chess Periodicals where he states that it was published weekly. However, it was actually published every five days and there were 72 four-page issues in 1938.

                                          © Michael Clapham 2018